Good waste management begins with preventing and reducing the waste we generate. Planners and managers in companies must always choose the optimal treatment option, with the lowest possible risks to human health and the environment. European waste measures have a hierarchic structure: prevention and minimization, reuse, recycling, recovery, and disposal. By contributing to create a circular economy, treating and recycling waste, the EU can obtain many social, environmental and economic benefits such as reducing environmental pressures, ensuring availability and security of vital resources, creating jobs and boosting competitiveness. The EU estimates that full implementation of existing waste legislation could save up to 72 billion € per year by 2020 while creating over 400 000 jobs and increasing annual EU waste management and recycling sector turnover by 42 billion €.
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