The transport sector is one of the main contributor to climate change and GHG emissions accounting for 14% in 2014 and 23% emissions in 2015 at global and EU level, respectively. In EU, GHG emissions from transport sector have experience an increasing trend with about +20% change in between 1990-2014 (over 170 million tonnes of CO2-equivalent). In addition to this, other challenges affect this sector such as fossil fuel scarcity and volatility in prices, energy security, increasing congestion at city level. At European level, mobility is crucial to compete in the world for economic growth, job creation and people’s everyday quality of life. Thus, EU strategy aims to gradually increase number of passengers and mobility opportunities, while tackling GHG emissions by 80-95% below 1990 levels in 2050. To achieve this goal, joint efforts need to be made to promote cleaner, safer and multimodal transport, to develop better infrastructures, to integrate ICT and Intelligent Transport System, to enhance linkages with Research and Innovation and to facilitate the access to investments.
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